Pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 – calcium pantothenate

May 25, 2020 Uncategorized 0 Comments

Pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 – calcium pantothenate

Calcium pantothenate is alternately known as pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 or panthenol, which is a composition of 8% calcium and 92% pantothenic acid. It is water-soluble but gets destroyed easily by heat of freezing, cooking water, and alkalis like vinegar and baking soda. Calcium pantothenate is vital in major body processes. This vitamin is necessary for the production of certain hormones such as steroids, adrenal glands, and proper functioning of the nervous system. Moreover, calcium pantothenate is required in the production of fats and the sex hormones in women: estrogen and progesterone, and the male hormone testosterone.

It can be found in many cells of the body and stays in the cell membranes. Within the cell membranes, calcium pantothenate aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, and other acetylation reactions, for the release of energy. These processes include the breakdown of fats into energy and the manufacture of cholesterol. Calcium pantothenate has a part in synthesizing hemoglobin, steroid hormones, lipids, and neurotransmitters.

Other benefits of calcium pantothenate include protecting the body against stress, cellular damage due to free radicals, allergies, and reduce side effects of some drugs. In fact, it has been known to relieve or prevent depression due to this ability. Additionally, this vitamin helps the body absorb and utilize other vitamins more efficiently. It helps in managing migraines, chronic fatigue syndrome, and quitting smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages.

Aside from these benefits this vitamin provides, studies have confirmed that calcium pantothenate, which the body converts into pantethine, is essential in the body’s ability to produce antibodies such as after vaccination when the body produces antibodies for diphtheria tuxoid, tetanus toxoid, typhoid, or Asian influenza

Recommended daily allowance
Presently, there is no established recommendation yet but deficiency of calcium pantothenate may suggest a lack of some other B vitamins. Normally, this vitamin can be derived from the diet. Green leafy vegetables, eggs, liver, cheese, corn, milk, meats, peanuts, brewer’s yeast, peas, soybeans, and wheat germ are good sources of calcium pantothenate. The usual daily allowance of this vitamin is only 4 to 7mg each day but supplements of 100 to 500mg may be taken under the recommendation of a health practitioner in treating some cases.

Deficiency in this vitamin rarely exists since it is present in almost all varieties of foods but a lack of it may include the following symptoms: fatigue, depression, personality changes, heart problems, abdominal pains, sleep disturbances, numbness in the arms and legs. Calcium pantothenate is not considered toxic to humans while there have been no known harmful side effects due to overdose of this vitamin even if intakes go as high as 10,000mg.

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